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钛金属的表面处理及其应用总结

作者: 来源:亿览

TAIJINSHUDEBIAOMIANCHULIJIQIYINGYONGKEYICONGSANGEFAMIANLAIZONGJIE:

  一、匠性表面处理

  TAIYINGYONGYUWUDING、DAXIADEWAIBIDENGJIANCAI,YANJING、SHOUBIAOHECHUISHIDENGZHUANGSHIPIN,ZHEIXIEYONGTUDOUSHILIYONGLETAIDEYOULIANGDENAISHIXING,DANLINGWAIHAIYAOQIUBIAOMIANDEXIANYANXING、GUANGZEXINGHESHIMAOGANDENGYIJIANGXINGJIAGONG。

  (YI)BIAOMIANJINGJIAGONG

  1.YANMO

  2.TUIHUOJIASUANXI—BIAOMIANSHIZE/HUISE

  3.ZHENKONGTUIHUO+SUANXI---BIAOMIANYOUGUANGZE/SHENHUISE

  4.喷丸(50-500um(10071.000.10%)珠)----表面显犁皮状

  5.MITIAOWENJIAGONG:150—240#DESHADAIYANMO,SHIQIJUYOUZHANGERLIANXUDEYANMOTIAOWENDEJIAGONGFANGFA。

  6.HUAWENYAYINJIAGONG(AOTUJIAGONG)--JIAGONGBIAOMIANYOUAOTUDEFUDIAOTUAN。(JINGHUAXUEKESHIHUOJIXIEDIAOZHITUANDEYAHUAZHAZHIDEFANGFA。

  7.HUAXUEKESHI---TUAN

  (ER)JINGMIANJINGJIAGONG—TAISHIJINGMIANJINGJIAGONGJIAONANDECAILIAO。

  1.RUANDAIPAOGUANG:JIAGONGBIAOMIANYOUYINGHUACENG、XIAOLVDI、YE:YANGHUALV+SHUI+KOH、JUANZHIDAI

  2.HUAXUEPAOGUANG:YINGXIANGYINSU:WENDU、SHIJIANHEPAOGUANGYE。

  3.DIANJIEPAOGUANG:WUSHUIYOUJIDIANJIEYEDUITAIYOUJIAOHAODEDIANPAOGUANGZUOYONG。

  (SAN)ZHESE

  TAIBIAOMIANBENLAIWEIYINBAISE,WEILETIGAOQIYIJIANGXING,KEJINXINGZHESECHULI,JICAISEBUXIUGANG。QIZHUYAOSECAIYOUQINGGUTONG、HONGGUTONG、BAOSHILAN、JIUHONG、KAFEIHONG、TAIJIN、FEICUILV、HEIJIN、MEIGUIJINDENGDENG。

  1.DAQIYANGHUAFA:SHIZAIDIANLUDENGZAIDAQIZHONGJIAREDEFANGFA,TAIBIAOMIANSHENGCHENGYANGHUAMODEFANSHEGUANGHETONGGUOYANGHUAMONEIBU,ZAIYANGHUAMOHETAIJIEMIANFANSHEDENEIBUFANSHEGUANGFASHENGGUANGDEGANSHEZUOYONGERXIANSE。CHENGBENDI,ZHESEJUNYUNXING、ZAIXIANXINGCHA,BUSHIYONGYUZHUANGSHIPIN。

  SEDU:SHIJIAN:5min。300℃BUBIAN

  350℃JINSHUSE550ZISE750CHIZI

  WEIHUANG600LANZI800GUANGZEHUISE

  DANHUANG650TIANLAN850LIANGHUISE

  500DANHE700HUANGLV

  2.YANGJIYANGHUAFA

  SHILIYONGDIANJIEZUOYONGSHIJINSHUBIAOMIANXINGCHENGYANGHUAMOGUOCHENG。TAIHEYANGDEQINHEXINGGAO,ZAITEDINGDEDIANJIEYEZHONGDIANJIESHI,SUIZHEGONGYITIAOJIANDEBIANHUAKEHUODEGEZHONGYANSEMOCENG。YANGJIYANGHUAZHESEYOUCHENGDIANJIEZHESE。TAIZAIHANYANGJIEZHIZHONGYANGJIDIANJIESHI,ZAIYANGJIFASHENGYANGHUAFANYING,TAIHEYANGJIEHEXINGCHENGTAIDEYANGHUAMO。TAIYANGJIYANGHUAZHESEYUANLISHIYOUYUYANGHUAMOBIAOMIANDEFANSHEGUANGYUYANGHUAMO-TAIJIEMIANDENEIBUFANSHEGUANG,FASHENGGUANGDEGANSHEZUOYONGERXIANSE。TAIDEYANGJIYANGHUAZHESESHIDIANYAYILAIXINGDE,ZAIBUTONGDIANYAXIADIANJIESHIKESHENGCHENGBUTONGHOUDUDEYANGHUAMO,YOUYUGUANGDEGANSHEZUOYONGERXIANXIANCHUBUTONGDEYANSE。TAIDEYANGHUAMOQIANGDUJIAOGAO,HUAXUEWENDINGXINGHAO,SECAIXIANYAN,YANSEJUNYUN,GONGYIJIANDAN,CHENGBENDI,YOUJIAOGAODEZHUANGSHIHESHIYONGJIAZHI。ZAIGONGYESHANGYIYONGYUJIANZHUZHUANGSHICAILIAOHEGEZHONGGONGYIPINDEZHESE。

  WEILEGAISHANKOUQIANGXIUFUTIDEMEIGUAN,MEIGUOXUEZHEWang(1995)JINXINGLEDUITAIDEYANGJIYANGHUAZHESEJINXINGLECHUBUYANJIU。ZAI0.1M H2SO4DIANJIEYEZHONG,ZAI10v、15v、25vDEDIANJIEDIANYAXIA,TAIBIAOMIANFENBIECHUXIANJINHUANGSE、QIANLANSEHELANSEDESEDIAOBIANHUA。CAIYONG10vDIANYA,DUI3GEDANWEIDETAIZHIGUDINGQIAOJINXINGZHESESHIYANDEDAOTONGYANGDEJINHUANGSEWAIGUAN。RENWEIYANGJIYANGHUAZHESEFAKEYONGYUTAIYICHIBIAOMIANZHESE。QIZHESEGONGYIHEZAIKOUQIANGHUANJINGXIADEFUSHIXINGHEYANSEWENDINGXINGHAIYOUDAIYUJINYIBUYANJIU。

  3.DANHUAFA(CVD\PVD\PCVD\LIZIZHURUFA)(TAIDEDANHUAWUWEIJINHUANGSE)。

  CAIYONGHUIGUANGFANGDIANDENGLIZITISHENDAN、WULIHUAXUEQIXIANGCHENJI、DUOHULIZIDU、DANLIZIZHURUHEJIGUANGSHUDANHUADENGXIANDAIBIAOMIANGAIXINGYUHUAXUERECHULIJISHU,DOUKEZAITAIBIAOMIANXINGCHENGYICENGJINHUANGSETiNJIEGOU,CONGERDADAOBIAOMIANGAIXINGQIANGHUADEMUDE。TAIYICHIBUJIANJINGDANHUACHULIHOU,BIAOMIANJINHUANGSEDEDANHUACENG,KEGAISHANYICHIDEMEIXUEXIAOGUO,TIGAOYICHIDENAIMO、NAISHIDENGLIHUAXINGNENG,DANJISHUFUZA,SHEBEIANGGUI,TAIYICHIDEJIAGONGCHENGBENYEJIANGGENGGAO,BIAOMIANDANHUACHULIYONGYUTAIYICHIDEZHESEYUGAIXING,MUQIAN,YAODADAOLINCHUANGSHIYONGHUAHAICUNZAIKUNNAN。

  二、耐蚀性表面处理

  YOUYUTAIZISHENJUYOUYOULIANGDENAISHIXING,YIBANBUJINXINGJINYIBUTIGAOQINAISHIXINGBIAOMIANCHULI,DANWEILEFANGZHITAIZAIJIAOYISHOUFUSHIDEYANSUAN、LIUSUANDENGFEIYANGHUAXINGSUANSHUIRONGYEZHONGDEQUANMIANFUSHI,FANGZHIZAINaClSHUIRONGYEZHONGDEJIANXIFUSHIHEDIANSHI,YOUSHICAIYONGBIAOMIANCHULIDEFANGFA。

  DAQIYANGHUACHULI:TAIZAIGAOWENDAQIZHONGFANGZHI,JIUSHIYANGHUAMOZENGHOU,QIMOHOUSUIWENDUDESHENGGAO,SHIJIANDEYANZHANGERZENGHOU。DAQIYANGHUACHULIDUITAIDEQUANMIANFUSHI、JIANXIFUSHIDOUYOUXIAO,FANGFABIJIAOJIANBIAN,DANNAIJIUXINGBUSHIFENKEKAO,ZHEISHIYINWEIDAQIYANGHUACHULIJINSHIYANGHUAMOZENGHOU,CHUNTAIZAIFUSHIHUANJINGZHONG,ZENGHOUDEYANGHUAMOSUISHIJIANDEYANZHANGERBIANBO,ZUIZHONGDAOZHIFUSHI。QINAISHIXINGNENGWEICHIDESHIJIANYOUDAQIYANGHUACHULITIAOJIAN(T、t)YIJIFUSHIHUANJINGDEKEKECHENGDUSUOJUEDINGDE,JUTIYUCEZHEIGESHIJIANSHIHENKUNNANDE。YAOQIUZHANGQIWENDINGYUNZHUANDEBUJIANCAILIAOYIBANBUTAICAIYONGZHEIZHONGFANGFA。

  GUIJINSHUTUFU:TAIDENAISHIXINGSHIYIKAOBIAOMIANXINGCHENGDEYANGHUAMOLAIWEICHIDE。ZHEIZHONGYANGHUAMODESHENGCHENGFANYING,YIBANYOUXIASHIBIAOSHI:

  Ti +2H2OZAO→TiO2 +4H+ +4e?/P>ZHEIYIFANYINGSHIYANGJIFANYING,YINCI,ZHIYAOTIGAOTAIDEDIANWEIJIUKESHICIFANYINGJINYIBUXIANGYOUFANGXIANGJINXING,ZHEIYIWEIZHETAIDEYANGHUAMODEWENDINGHENAISHIXINGDETIGAO。DANTIGAOTAIDIANWEI,BIXUYOUDUIDIANJI,BINGCONGWAIBUSHIJIAGAODIANYA,TONGSHI,ZAIMIANJIDASHI,SHIJIAJUNYIDIANYAYEHENKUNNAN,SUOYIBUCHANGCAIYONG。YIBAN,GUIJINSHUZAIKEKEDEHUANJINGXIA,YEBUFUSHI,XIANGAODIANWEI。LIYONGZHEIYIDIAN,ZAITAIBIAOMIANTUFUGUIJINSHU,TAIDEDIANWEIJIUXIANGGUIDEYIFANG(DIANWEIGAODEFANGXIANG),CONGERTIGAOQINAISHIXING。

  ZAIGUIJINSHUZHONGTONGCHANGCAIYONGJIAOBIANYIDEPd、RuHUOZHETAMENDEYANGHUAWU(PdO、RuO2)JINXINGTAIDETUFU。

  ZAITAISHANGTUFUGUIJINSHUHUOQIYANGHUAWUDUIGAISHANQINAISHIXINGJIQIYOUXIAO,TUFUCHULICAILIAODENAISHIXINGKEYUTi?/FONT>0.15PdHEJINPIDI。QUEDIANSHIZAILIUTIHUOHANGUXINGWUDELIUTIZHONGZHANGQISHIYONGSHI,GUIJINSHUMOHUICONGTAIBIAOMIANBOLI,JINGUANZHEIZHONGBOLIHENSHAO。MUQIAN,RIBENZHENGZAIKAIFAMIHEXINGHAODETUFUFANGFA,DANCHENGBENGENGGAO。

  GANSHIGONGYITUFUTiC、TiNMO(CVD、PVD、PCVD):

  TiC、TiNYIJITiCNJUYOUBITAIGENGYOULIANGDENAISHIXING,FANGFAYOUQITIFA、CVD、PVD、PCVD

  QITIFA,YOUYUBIXUZAIYUANGAOYUTAIXIANGBIANDIANWENDUXIAJIARE,SHIZUZHI、XINGZHUANGFASHENGBIANHUADENGZAOCHENGZHIPINBUNENGMANZUSHIYONGYAOQIU;ERCVD、PVD、PCVDFAXUYAOTESHUSHEBEIERQIENENGPILIANGSHENGCHANDEDAXINGSHEBEIZHENGZAIKAIFAZHONG,CHENGBENGAO。(ZHEIXIECHULIFANGFALAITIGAONAISHIXINGDESHENSHAO,ZUOWEITIGAONAIMOXINGYOUSHICAIYONG。Pb+、Pt+ZHURUFA(LIZISHU、DIANZISHU)

  LIZIZHURUBIAOMIANGAIXINGDUITIGAONAISHIXINGFEICHANGYOUXIAO,DANCHENGBENGENGGAO,ZHENGZAIYANJIUZHONG,SHANGWEISHIYONGHUA。

  三、耐磨性表面处理

  TAIDEQUEDIANJIUSHINAIMOXINGCHA,BIAOMIANYICHANSHENGMAMIANDENGQUEXIAN,MUQIAN,NANYISHIYONGYUHUADONGJIXIEBUJIAN。MUQIANZHENGZAIJIJIYANJIUKAIFAZHONGZHONGBIAOMIANCHULIFANGFA。SHIYONGYUTAIBIAOMIANCHULIDEFANGFAYOUDUCr、NiWEIDAIBIAODESHISHIDUMOFA、REKUOSANFA、DUIHANFAHEJIANSHEFADENG,ZUIJINBIJIAOXIANJINDEFANGFASHICVD、PVD、PCVDBIAOMIANQIANGHUAFA。

  1.SHISHIDUMO:

  ZHUYAOYONGDUCr、Ni-PFA,(ZHIJIEZAITAISHANGDUCrKUNNAN,TONGCHANGZAITAIJITIXIANDUNi,ZAIDUCr。DIANJIEFACHENGMOSUDUKUAI,HOUDUSHUWEIMI,(ZHUANGSHIXINGDUCENGJIN1um)。SHIYIZHONGYOUXIAODENAIMOBIAOMIANCHULIFANGFA。

  2.REKUOSANFA:

  GUANGFANYONGYUGANGTIECAILIAODEYINGHUACHULIDESHENTAN、DANHUAJIPENGHUADENGREKUOSANGONGYI,ZUIJINYEBEIYONGYUTAI。ZHUYAOJIESHAOYIXIALIZIDANHUAFAYUQITIDANHUABUTONG,SHICAIYONGHUIGUANGFANGDIANDENGLIZITIPOHUAITAIBIAOMIANYANGHUAMO,YINCIDANHUAQIANCHULI,BUXUCHUQUYANGHUAMODEJIXIEYANMO、SUANXI,ERQIEDANHUAXIAOLVGAO。TAIZAI850DU,DANHUAMOHOUCONG0.7umZENGZHI5.0um,BIAOMIANYINGDUDA1200—1600Hv,JUYOULIANGHAODENAIMOXING。

  3.DUIHANFA:

  LIYONGDENGLIZIZHUANYIHUJINXINGTAIBIAOMIANDUIHANYINGHUAGAIXINGYEJUYOUYOULIANGDENAIMOXING。FANGFAJIANDAN,BEICHULICAIWUXUZHENGGEGAOWENXIABAOLU,KEFANGZHILIXUEXINGNENGDEXIAJIANG,。DANXUERCIJIAGONG。JINJUXIANYUCHULIJIAOHOUDEDAXINGGONGJIAN。

  4.溅射法

  LIYONGDENGLIZILIUGAOSUKONGQISHELIU,SHIDIXIADERONGRONGJINSHUPENDUZAIBEICHULICAIBIAOMIANDEFANGFA,BUXUZHENKONG,KEZAIDAQIZHONGCHULI,SHENGCHANXIAOLVGAO。DANDUMODEMIHEDUBUGOU。

  5.CVD、PCD、PCVD法

  6.离子注入法



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